Validity and Reliability of Head Posture Measurement Using Microsoft Kinect


Considering the cervical range of motion (CROM) as a reference, one- and three-dimensional (1- and 3D) head postures of 12 normal subjects (28-58 years of age; 6 women and 6 men) were obtained using the KHT. The KHT was validated by the Pearson correlation coefficient and the intraclass correlation (ICC) coefficient. Test-retest reliability of the KHT was determined by its 95% limit of agreement (LoA) with the Bland-Altman plot. Face recognition success rate was evaluated for each head posture. The measurements of 1D and 3D head posture performed using the KHT were very close to those of the CROM with correlation coefficients of 0.99 and 0.97 (P < 0.05), respectively, as well as with an ICC of >0.99 and 0.98, respectively. The reliability tests of the KHT in terms of 1D and 3D head postures had 95% LoA angles of approximately 2.5and 6.5, respectively. The KHT showed good agreement with the CROM and relatively good test-retest reliability. Considering its high performance, convenience, and low cost, KHT could be clinically used as a head-posture-measuring system.


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Baek-Lok Oh, Jongmin Kim, Jongshin Kim, Jeong-Min Hwang, Jehee Lee
Validity and Reliability of Head Posture Measurement using Microsoft Kinect,
British Journal of Ophthalmology, Volume 98, Issue 11, November 2014 (Cover Image).